List of Common HTML Codes and Their Purpose – Cheat Sheet

Basic Tags

Creates an HTML document


Sets off the title and other information that isn’t displayed on the Web page itself


Sets off the visible portion of the document

Header Tags

Puts the name of the document in the title bar

Body Attributes
<body bgcolor=?>

Sets the background color, using name or hex value

<body text=?>

Sets the text color, using name or hex value

<body link=?>

Sets the color of links, using name or hex value

<body vlink=?>

Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex value

<body alink=?>

Sets the color of links on click

Text Tags

Creates preformatted text


Creates the largest headline


Creates the smallest headline


Creates bold text


Creates italic text


Creates teletype, or typewriter-style text


Creates a citation, usually italic


Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)


Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)

<font size=?></font>

Sets size of font, from 1 to 7)

<font color=?></font>

Sets font color, using name or hex value

<a href="URL"></a>

Creates a hyperlink

<a href="mailto:EMAIL"></a>

Creates a mailto link

<a name="NAME"></a>

Creates a target location within a document

<a href="#NAME"></a>

Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document


Creates a new paragraph

<p align=?>

Aligns a paragraph to the left, right, or center


Inserts a line break



Indents text from both sides


Creates a definition list


Precedes each definition term


Precedes each definition


Creates a numbered list


Precedes each list item, and adds a number


Creates a bulleted list

<div align=?>

A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML, also used for stylesheets

Graphical Elements
<img src="name">

Adds an image

<img src="name" align=?>

Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle

<img src="name" border=?>

Sets size of border around an image


Inserts a horizontal rule

<hr size=?>

Sets size (height) of rule

<hr width=?>

Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value

<hr noshade>

Creates a rule without a shadow


Creates a table


Sets off each row in a table


Sets off each cell in a row


Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)

Table Attributes
<table border=#>

Sets width of border around table cells

<table cellspacing=#>

Sets amount of space between table cells

<table cellpadding=#>

Sets amount of space between a cell’s border and its contents

<table width=# or %>

Sets width of table – in pixels or as a percentage of document width

<tr align=?> or <td align=?>

Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right)

<tr valign=?> or <td valign=?>

Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)

<td colspan=#>

Sets number of columns a cell should span

<td rowspan=#>

Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)

<td nowrap>

Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit


tag in a frames document; can also be nested in other framesets

<frameset rows="value,value">

Defines the rows within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of w idth

<frameset cols="value,value">

Defines the columns within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width


Defines a single frame – or region – within a frameset


Defines what will appear on browsers that don’t support frames

Frames Attributes
<frame src="URL">

Specifies which HTML document should be displayed

<frame name="name">

Names the frame, or region, so it may be targeted by other frames

<frame marginwidth=#>

Defines the left and right margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1

<frame marginheight=#>

Defines the top and bottom margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1

<frame scrolling=VALUE>

Sets whether the frame has a scrollbar; value may equal “yes,” “no,” or “auto. ” The default, as in ordinary documents, is auto.

<frame noresize>

Prevents the user from resizing a frame

For functional forms, you’ll have to run a CGI script. The HTML just creates the appearance of a form.

Creates all forms

<select multiple name="NAME" size=?></select>

Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of menu items visible before yo u need to scroll.


Sets off each menu item

<select name="NAME"></select>

Creates a pulldown menu


Sets off each menu item

<textarea name="NAME" cols=40 rows=8></textarea>

Creates a text box area. Columns set the width; rows set the height.

<input type="checkbox" name="NAME">

Creates a checkbox. Text follows tag.

<input type="radio" name="NAME" value="x">

Creates a radio button. Text follows tag

<input type=text name="foo" size=20>

Creates a one-line text area. Size sets length, in characters.

<input type="submit" value="NAME">

Creates a Submit button

<input type="image" border=0 name="NAME" src="name.gif">

Creates a Submit button using an image

<input type="reset">

Creates a Reset button