SQL NULL Values

NULL values represent missing unknown data.

By default, a table column can hold NULL values.

This chapter will explain the IS NULL and IS NOT NULL operators.

SQL NULL Values

If a column in a table is optional, we can insert a new record or update an existing record without adding a value to this column. This means that the field will be saved with a NULL value.

NULL values are treated differently from other values.

NULL is used as a placeholder for unknown or inapplicable values.

SQL IS NULL

How do we select only the records with NULL values in the “Address” column?

We will have to use the IS NULL operator:

SELECT LastName,FirstName,Address FROM Persons
WHERE Address IS NULL

SQL IS NOT NULL

How do we select only the records with no NULL values in the “Address” column?

We will have to use the IS NOT NULL operator:

SELECT LastName,FirstName,Address FROM Persons
WHERE Address IS NOT NULL

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